The brain behind al-Qaeda, Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was he?

The brains behind al-Qaeda, Ayman al-Zawahiri, who was he?

Ayman al-Zawahiri was born on June 19, 1951 in Cairo, the capital of Egypt.

Sheikh Muhammad Al-Ahmad al-Zawahiri, his grandfather was the Imam of Al-Azhar University in Egypt, his father Muhammad Rabie al-Zawahiri was a doctor and in general, they were from well-known families in Cairo.

Ayman al-Zawahiri completed his medical studies at Cairo University in 1974 and served as a doctor in the Egyptian army for three years. After that, he developed a medical center near his parents’ home while continuing his studies. He received his master’s degree in medicine in 1978.

Al-Zawahiri could speak Arabic, English and French.

 

The extremist Ayman al-Zawahiri 

When his radical impulses first surfaced, Ayman al-Zawahiri was still a teenager. Al-Zawahiri joined the Muslim Brotherhood at the age of fifteen. One of the most influential parties in Egypt was the Muslim Brotherhood, but it was also infamous for its extremism. In 2013, this party’s actions were deemed unlawful.

After a while, in 1973, Ayman al-Zawahir became a member of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad organization.

Al-Zawahiri was able to take over the leadership of this group in the late 1970s, demonstrating his leadership and combat skills. At the time, this movement attempted to topple Egypt’s governing system.

In 1981, Ayman al-Zawahiri was accused of organizing the assassination of Anwar Sadat, then president of Egypt, and went to prison and spent three years there.

He left Egypt for Peshawar, Pakistan after being released from prison in 1985 to begin working as a doctor for the Red Cross organization.

Al-Zawahiri provided medical care for the Afghan Mujahideen soldiers against the Russians there. He gradually drew nearer to the Islamic extreme circles for this reason.

 

Al-Zawahiri, Al-Qaeda, and the planning of attacks

Ayman al-Zawahiri met Osama bin Laden, one of the major leaders of the Arab Mujahidin, when he was preoccupied with his medical job in Pakistan, and the two men developed strong bonds.

Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri officially merged the Egyptian Islamic Jihad and al-Qaeda organizations in 1998. Osama bin Laden took over as leader of al-Qaeda, and Ayman al-Zawahiri was appointed as his deputy.

Together, these two extremists were able to set lofty goals and devise strategies to achieve them.

They were able to accomplish some of their objectives as intended. In the initial phase, they coordinated simultaneous explosives on the two US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.

In these blasts, 224 people—including 12 Americans—died and almost 4,500 others were hurt. These assaults brought Al-Qaeda to the notice of the United States and the rest of the globe.

They were able to strike a serious blow to the American military troops in a subsequent coordinated attack. The USS Cole was the target of an Al-Qaeda attack in Yemen in October 2000. 17 American sailors were murdered and 40 others were injured when two suicide bombers attacked the ship “USS Cole” in this incident.

The 9/11 attacks on U.S. territory, however, were what really turned al-Qaeda into a target for the United States and its allies.

Al-largest Qaeda’s terrorist operation was thought to have taken place on September 11. On the morning of September 11, 2001, a coordinated sequence of four suicide attacks hit various locations in the United States.

Four aircraft were hijacked by terrorists during these strikes as they flew from North America to California. Three groups of five assailants each, as well as one group of four, comprised the attackers. Their intention was to hijack the aircraft and crash them against American towers and other structures, resulting in a large number of fatalities.

They successfully crashed two planes into the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City and a third plane into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. A fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.

In this attack, 2,977 people died and Bash wounded another 6,000 people.

This attack brought America to Afghanistan to suppress the Al-Qaeda group and Osama bin Laden, the leader of this network.

Following that, America set a reward of 25 million for any information leading to the arrest or killing of al-Zawahiri.

 

The 9/11 attacks on U.S. territory, however, were what really turned al-Qaeda into a target for the United States and its allies. America set a reward of 25 million for any information leading to the arrest or killing of al-Zawahiri.

 

Ayman al-Zawahiri, leader of Al-Qaeda group and death trap

On May 2, 2011, American special forces managed to kill Osama bin Laden, the leader of the Al-Qaeda network, in the suburbs of Islamabad in the city of Abbottabad, Pakistan.

After the death of Osama bin Laden, Ayman al-Zawahiri was the only option to lead this group, which he did.

The American search operation to suppress Ayman al-Zawahiri, the leader of the al-Qaeda group, continued all these years.

In these years, Ayman al-Zawahiri did not lose a clue of himself until the Afghan government fell to the hands of the Taliban and the space was created for this al-Qaeda leader to breathe easier, but unaware that he was taking his last breaths.

According to the data of the American authorities, Ayman al-Zawahiri returned to Kabul after the Taliban rule over Afghanistan on August 15, 2021 and settled with his wife, daughter and other children in the Shirpur area of ​​Kabul.

Al-Zawahiri was finally killed at the age of 71 in the morning of July 31, 2022, in the attack of American drones in the heart of Kabul city.